The Middle East and North Africa

Al-Qaeda’s Resurgence in North Africa?

By Anouar Boukhars (27/08/2013) Working Paper
Magharebia/Flickr

The January 2013 French intervention in northern Mali has severely degraded the military capabilities of militant organisations, including Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), disrupted their organisational capacities and destroyed many of their sanctuaries. But as violent extremists are being subdued in one area, new hot spots of confrontation are emerging. An off-balance AQIM is trying to shift gear, focusing less on becoming the face of local militancy in North Africa and more on stealthily parasiting local militant organisations without dominating them.


Refugees in the MENA region: what geopolitical consequences?

By Barah Mikaïl (29/07/2013) Policy Brief
Kodak Agfa/Flickr

The number of refugees and internally displaced persons in the Middle East and North of Africa post-Arab spring has increased considerably, a problem that requires both humanitarian and political solutions.


Civil society and foreign donors in Libya

By Barah Mikaïl (17/07/2013) Working Paper
Patrick/Flickr

Political civil society has mushroomed in post-2011 Libya due to newly acquired freedoms and the help of foreign funders. This paper examines how the issue of foreign funding is perceived by local stakeholders and donors in Libya, focusing on how attitudes have changed in the post-Gaddafi era.


The Gulf States and the Arab Uprisings

By Ana Echagüe (28/06/2013) Book
Dan/Flickr

The Arab uprisings have focused much attention on the changes taking place in North Africa and the Levant, and less so on developments taking place in the Arab Gulf. But change appears to be inevitable in this region too. This new book addresses the implications of the Arab revolts for the Gulf States in both geopolitical and domestic terms, as well as their impact on relations between Europe and the region.


Europe’s Gulf dilemma

By Ana Echagüe (21/06/2013) Policy Brief

At the height of the Gulf’s financial prowess and regional political clout, Europe faces the dilemma of how to engage with the ruling regimes without condoning their reactionary policies towards domestic reform.


The EU and the Palestinians: anticipating the third Intifada

By Romana Michelon (06/06/2013) Policy Brief
Zachary Baumgartner/Flickr

The EU’s response to the Arab spring has largely sidelined the Palestinian Territories. When engaging Palestine, it is imperative for the EU to learn from ongoing processes of change elsewhere in the region.


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Dear Friends and Colleagues,

FRIDE ceased its think tank activities on 31st December 2015 for economic reasons. The Board of Trustees had to take this difficult decision since, despite many efforts to diversify its funding sources, FRIDE cannot sustain its think tank operations with a view to 2016 and beyond.

Established in 1999, FRIDE has made a major contribution to shape debate on Europe’s external activities in an increasingly challenging international environment. It has covered issues ranging from democracy and human rights to sustainable development, new approaches to multilateral cooperation and security affairs. FRIDE’s long-standing focus on the extended neighbourhood of the European Union proves today all the more relevant given widespread turbulence in the region. FRIDE’s emphasis on the importance of the values framing Europe’s external activities is central to current political debates in Europe and beyond. This shows the need for continued engagement in the pursuit of a common European foreign policy that is both effective and informed by the core values of European integration.

The Board wishes to thank Diego Hidalgo, FRIDE’s founder, for his tireless commitment and very generous support for many years. The Board also wishes to thank FRIDE’s dedicated staff, the members of the Board and the Advisory Committee for their contribution in making FRIDE one of the top foreign policy think tanks in Europe. We are very grateful to all those who have supported FRIDE’s work and projects over the years and we thank the many partners from all parts of the world who have worked with FRIDE on joint initiatives. We hope that FRIDE’s extensive input to the debate on Europe in the world will continue to inform thinking and action at a very critical time for Europe’s future.

The President of the Board


FRIDE cesó sus actividades como think tank el 31 de diciembre de 2015 por razones económicas. El Patronato tuvo que adoptar esta difícil decisión dado que, a pesar de los intensos esfuerzos realizados para diversificar sus fuentes de financiación, FRIDE no puede sostener sus operaciones como think tank a partir de 2016.

Establecido en 1999, FRIDE ha realizado una gran contribución al debate sobre las actividades exteriores de Europa en un ambiente internacional cada vez más complejo. Ha trabajado en temas que van desde la democracia y los derechos humanos al desarrollo sostenible, los nuevos enfoques en la cooperación multilateral y las cuestiones de seguridad. La atención prestada por FRIDE a la vecindad extendida de la Unión Europea durante mucho tiempo prueba ser hoy aún más relevante debido a la turbulencia que azota a la región. El énfasis de FRIDE en la importancia de los valores que enmarcan las actividades exteriores europeas es central en los debates en Europa y más allá. Esto muestra la necesidad de un compromiso continuo con la búsqueda de una política exterior europea común que sea eficaz y esté basada en los principios fundamentales de la integración europea.

El Patronato desea agradecer a Diego Hidalgo, fundador de FRIDE, por su incansable compromiso y muy generoso apoyo a lo largo de tantos años. También quiere expresar su gratitud a la dedicada plantilla, a los propios miembros del Patronato y del Comité Asesor por sus contribuciones para hacer de FRIDE uno de los principales think tanks de Europa en cuestiones de política exterior. Estamos muy agradecidos con todos aquellos que han apoyado el trabajo y los proyectos de FRIDE a través de los años y también damos las gracias a los numerosos socios de todas partes del mundo que han colaborado con FRIDE en iniciativas conjuntas. Esperamos que las extensas aportaciones de FRIDE al debate sobre Europa en el mundo continuará informando el pensamiento y la acción en un momento muy crítico para el futuro de Europa.

El Presidente del Patronato

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