The Middle East and North Africa

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Trigger for new civil unrest?

By Helene Michou (11/01/2011) Policy Brief

Lebanon has delved into a severe political crisis after the collapse of the national unity government. As the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, set up to investigate the 2005 assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri, is expected to start issuing indictments, this policy brief, published just prior to the government’s fall, argues that the EU would do well to encourage a conciliatory atmosphere between all parties.

Managed successions and stability in the Arab World

By Kristina Kausch (25/11/2010) Working Paper
AFP/Getty Images

Arab dictators are about to take their leave. The Middle East now stands before a wave of engineered republican successions. What does this mean for the stability in the Arab World? How should the West try to influence these processes?

Tunisia: EU incentives contributing to new repression


In Tunisia the prospects of an ‘advanced status’ with the EU have led not to the intended positive incentives for democratic reforms, but to backlashes against critics at home, including the passing of new bill forbidding Tunisian activists to liaise with the EU in the future. The outcome will depend on the EU’s reaction.

The Gulf in the new world order: a forgotten emerging power?

AFP/Getty Images

Emerging powers are taking a greater share of global economic and political power. Should the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council be included in these discussions? If so, the EU seems not to have grasped this as fully as other international actors have.

Is the EU losing credibility in Palestine?

By Daniela Huber (21/06/2010) Policy Brief
AFP/Getty Images

The EU has lost credibility in Palestine since its political boycott of Hamas. Following the Israeli attack on the Gaza Flotilla and the resulting diplomatic reverberations, the EU should re-energise its approach to democracy promotion and focus on Palestinian civil society.

Why the West should relinquish Mubarak

By Kristina Kausch (03/05/2010) Policy Brief
AFP/Getty Images

Egypt is currently riding the wave of ElBaradei euphoria and simmering with tension. This policy brief explores the chances of Mohamed ElBaradei in the current electoral panorama and the most pressing imperatives for the West.

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Dear Friends and Colleagues,

FRIDE ceased its think tank activities on 31st December 2015 for economic reasons. The Board of Trustees had to take this difficult decision since, despite many efforts to diversify its funding sources, FRIDE cannot sustain its think tank operations with a view to 2016 and beyond.

Established in 1999, FRIDE has made a major contribution to shape debate on Europe’s external activities in an increasingly challenging international environment. It has covered issues ranging from democracy and human rights to sustainable development, new approaches to multilateral cooperation and security affairs. FRIDE’s long-standing focus on the extended neighbourhood of the European Union proves today all the more relevant given widespread turbulence in the region. FRIDE’s emphasis on the importance of the values framing Europe’s external activities is central to current political debates in Europe and beyond. This shows the need for continued engagement in the pursuit of a common European foreign policy that is both effective and informed by the core values of European integration.

The Board wishes to thank Diego Hidalgo, FRIDE’s founder, for his tireless commitment and very generous support for many years. The Board also wishes to thank FRIDE’s dedicated staff, the members of the Board and the Advisory Committee for their contribution in making FRIDE one of the top foreign policy think tanks in Europe. We are very grateful to all those who have supported FRIDE’s work and projects over the years and we thank the many partners from all parts of the world who have worked with FRIDE on joint initiatives. We hope that FRIDE’s extensive input to the debate on Europe in the world will continue to inform thinking and action at a very critical time for Europe’s future.

The President of the Board

FRIDE cesó sus actividades como think tank el 31 de diciembre de 2015 por razones económicas. El Patronato tuvo que adoptar esta difícil decisión dado que, a pesar de los intensos esfuerzos realizados para diversificar sus fuentes de financiación, FRIDE no puede sostener sus operaciones como think tank a partir de 2016.

Establecido en 1999, FRIDE ha realizado una gran contribución al debate sobre las actividades exteriores de Europa en un ambiente internacional cada vez más complejo. Ha trabajado en temas que van desde la democracia y los derechos humanos al desarrollo sostenible, los nuevos enfoques en la cooperación multilateral y las cuestiones de seguridad. La atención prestada por FRIDE a la vecindad extendida de la Unión Europea durante mucho tiempo prueba ser hoy aún más relevante debido a la turbulencia que azota a la región. El énfasis de FRIDE en la importancia de los valores que enmarcan las actividades exteriores europeas es central en los debates en Europa y más allá. Esto muestra la necesidad de un compromiso continuo con la búsqueda de una política exterior europea común que sea eficaz y esté basada en los principios fundamentales de la integración europea.

El Patronato desea agradecer a Diego Hidalgo, fundador de FRIDE, por su incansable compromiso y muy generoso apoyo a lo largo de tantos años. También quiere expresar su gratitud a la dedicada plantilla, a los propios miembros del Patronato y del Comité Asesor por sus contribuciones para hacer de FRIDE uno de los principales think tanks de Europa en cuestiones de política exterior. Estamos muy agradecidos con todos aquellos que han apoyado el trabajo y los proyectos de FRIDE a través de los años y también damos las gracias a los numerosos socios de todas partes del mundo que han colaborado con FRIDE en iniciativas conjuntas. Esperamos que las extensas aportaciones de FRIDE al debate sobre Europa en el mundo continuará informando el pensamiento y la acción en un momento muy crítico para el futuro de Europa.

El Presidente del Patronato

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