The Middle East and North Africa

Don't forget the Gulf

By Ana Echagüe (03/10/2011) Policy Brief
abcdz2000/Flickr

The recent upheavals in the Middle East and North Africa highlight the futility and anachronism inherent in the European Union’s highly fragmented foreign policy towards the region.


Tunisia's democratisation: is Europe rising to the occasion?

By Anna Khakee (17/06/2011) Policy Brief
Crethi Plethi/Flickr

Tunisians are disappointed with European responses to the revolution so far for a host of reasons, some obvious, other less well-known. Drawing from extensive interviews with key Tunisian actors, this brief examines the reasons for this disappointment.


Towards declaration of a Palestinian state?

By Helene Michou (15/06/2011) Policy Brief

Although the unity deal signed in Cairo between Hamas and Fatah is not in itself a blueprint for statehood, it clears another hurdle for declaration of a Palestinian state at September’s UN General Assembly.


Syria: the limits of external influence

By Barah Mikaïl (07/06/2011) Policy Brief
shamsnn/Flickr

The Syrian regime now faces strong pressure for democratic reform but the nature of the regime and Syria’s regional role mean that a democratic breakthrough will be more difficult to achieve than it was in Tunisia and Egypt.


What not to do in the Middle East and North Africa

By Richard Youngs (15/03/2011) Policy Brief

Europe now acknowledges its miscalculations in North Africa and the Middle East. As political change and social protests unfold in the region, basic policy guidelines might best be cast in terms of things the EU should avoid doing in the remoulded Middle East.


After peace talks: what next for EU policy in Palestine?

By Richard Youngs (21/02/2011) Policy Brief
Víctor Ferrer/Flickr

In the aftermath of Mubarak’s departure, the Egyptian army has promised to uphold Egypt’s peace accord with Israel. But the Middle East peace process is already moribund after talks collapsed late last year. A series of ‘crunch moments’ will call on the EU to reassess its approach towards the Israel-Palestine conflict.


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Dear Friends and Colleagues,

FRIDE ceased its think tank activities on 31st December 2015 for economic reasons. The Board of Trustees had to take this difficult decision since, despite many efforts to diversify its funding sources, FRIDE cannot sustain its think tank operations with a view to 2016 and beyond.

Established in 1999, FRIDE has made a major contribution to shape debate on Europe’s external activities in an increasingly challenging international environment. It has covered issues ranging from democracy and human rights to sustainable development, new approaches to multilateral cooperation and security affairs. FRIDE’s long-standing focus on the extended neighbourhood of the European Union proves today all the more relevant given widespread turbulence in the region. FRIDE’s emphasis on the importance of the values framing Europe’s external activities is central to current political debates in Europe and beyond. This shows the need for continued engagement in the pursuit of a common European foreign policy that is both effective and informed by the core values of European integration.

The Board wishes to thank Diego Hidalgo, FRIDE’s founder, for his tireless commitment and very generous support for many years. The Board also wishes to thank FRIDE’s dedicated staff, the members of the Board and the Advisory Committee for their contribution in making FRIDE one of the top foreign policy think tanks in Europe. We are very grateful to all those who have supported FRIDE’s work and projects over the years and we thank the many partners from all parts of the world who have worked with FRIDE on joint initiatives. We hope that FRIDE’s extensive input to the debate on Europe in the world will continue to inform thinking and action at a very critical time for Europe’s future.

The President of the Board


FRIDE cesó sus actividades como think tank el 31 de diciembre de 2015 por razones económicas. El Patronato tuvo que adoptar esta difícil decisión dado que, a pesar de los intensos esfuerzos realizados para diversificar sus fuentes de financiación, FRIDE no puede sostener sus operaciones como think tank a partir de 2016.

Establecido en 1999, FRIDE ha realizado una gran contribución al debate sobre las actividades exteriores de Europa en un ambiente internacional cada vez más complejo. Ha trabajado en temas que van desde la democracia y los derechos humanos al desarrollo sostenible, los nuevos enfoques en la cooperación multilateral y las cuestiones de seguridad. La atención prestada por FRIDE a la vecindad extendida de la Unión Europea durante mucho tiempo prueba ser hoy aún más relevante debido a la turbulencia que azota a la región. El énfasis de FRIDE en la importancia de los valores que enmarcan las actividades exteriores europeas es central en los debates en Europa y más allá. Esto muestra la necesidad de un compromiso continuo con la búsqueda de una política exterior europea común que sea eficaz y esté basada en los principios fundamentales de la integración europea.

El Patronato desea agradecer a Diego Hidalgo, fundador de FRIDE, por su incansable compromiso y muy generoso apoyo a lo largo de tantos años. También quiere expresar su gratitud a la dedicada plantilla, a los propios miembros del Patronato y del Comité Asesor por sus contribuciones para hacer de FRIDE uno de los principales think tanks de Europa en cuestiones de política exterior. Estamos muy agradecidos con todos aquellos que han apoyado el trabajo y los proyectos de FRIDE a través de los años y también damos las gracias a los numerosos socios de todas partes del mundo que han colaborado con FRIDE en iniciativas conjuntas. Esperamos que las extensas aportaciones de FRIDE al debate sobre Europa en el mundo continuará informando el pensamiento y la acción en un momento muy crítico para el futuro de Europa.

El Presidente del Patronato

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