The new leaders of the European Union will take office at a watershed moment for Europe. After five years of damage limitation at home and abroad, the next five years will either be about investing in Europe’s economic growth, political cohesion and global influence, or managing decline while trying to cope with destabilising shocks. Europeans face a stark choice: a pivot to Europe or Europe’s decay.
China has become a major international development player, but EU-China engagement on development remains weak. Profound differences in their conception of development cooperation and China’s desire to avoid association with traditional donors leave little room for significant collaboration. However, some complementarities in specific issues could be further explored, for example regarding fragile states, capacity building or environment. A priority for the EU should be to build a long-term dialogue with China on development that seeks to understand and engage with rather than reform Chinese development policy. The EU-China strategic partnership could offer a framework to facilitate such dialogue and build trust between these two giant development actors.
The EUCAM ‘European national policies series’ focuses not only on the policies of EU member states towards Central Asia, but also on those of other European actors outside the Union. Here, Russia is the main actor. What is Moscow’s approach in the fields of politics and values, trade and energy, security, development assistance, and cultural exchanges?
In this report FRIDE and its partners in the European Think Tanks Group (ETTG, which includes DIE, ECDPM, FRIDE and ODI) examines the five most pressing global challenges facing the incoming European Union (EU) leadership: a fairer world economy, climate change, peace and security, democracy and human rights, and poverty and inequality. They argue that tackling these challenges is vital both for global welfare and for Europe’s own security and prosperity. The publication calls on EU leaders to recognise the interconnected nature of these global challenges and act rapidly and with determination to address them, including through a High Representative for Foreign Affairs that is responsible for all external relations including development; through commissioners that move beyond their silos to work together; and through enhanced scrutiny by the European Parliament to strengthen accountability on these issues.
The tragedy of MH17 has put Ukraine and its Russian-supported separatist revolt in Donbas in the limelight. The current Ukrainian government holds that transferring more power from the centre to the periphery will be an essential ingredient to addressing anti-Kyiv sentiments in Donbas and dampen future calls for regional autonomy and secession. This FRIDE policy brief argues that decentralisation will not halt the separatist insurgency in Donbas, but if implemented it should help to strengthen democracy in Ukraine.
Over the last 40 years Brazil has pursued strategic partnerships with a wide range of countries. It has done so to gain access to capital and technology, foster regional and inter-regional cooperation, and advance its priorities on the international stage - in particular through multilateral bodies and coalitions. These partnerships will continue to be a valuable tool for Brasilia to manage the intersections of its bilateral and multilateral engagements, reform global governance and consolidate Brazil's profile as an increasingly important global actor.