The diplomatic incidents with Bolivia on the one hand and over Gibraltar on the other, the new foreign action and service law, the Syrian crisis, the withdrawal of Spanish troops from Afghanistan, the elections in Germany and the commercial shift towards Asia and Africa have marked Spanish foreign policy over the past three months.
In the past three months the Sahel, Syria, national security, commercial diplomacy and the ‘Spain Brand’ have been at the core of Spanish foreign policy.
The military intervention in Mali, negotiations on a new law concerning Spanish external action and services and the eurozone crisis have dominated the Spanish foreign policy agenda in the first quarter of 2013.
Europe’s growth strategy is based on a larger trade surplus with the rest of the world. The continent’s short-term problem is a lack of domestic demand. The long-term problem is a slow rate of productivity growth.
At the end of 2012, Spanish foreign policy centred mainly on commercial diplomacy and the promotion of the ‘Brand Spain’. However, the new focus of development cooperation must also be highlighted.
More than a year after the EU reinforced its institutional presence in Bosnia, progress on the EU reform agenda has been limited and disappointing.