This working paper, by Xavier Zeebroek, explores the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo which, since 1999, has been intertwined with the history of the Congolese conflict. The continued strengthening of the mandate of the UN mission has resulted in the slow rise to power of the international community in this country.
Throughout its history, MONUC has been a peace experiment and, as such, a diligent supplier of ‘lessons learned’ for the United Nations Secretariat.
Owing to the extremely complex situation in the country, it has become an all-purpose mission: it seeks to consolidate peace through the organisation of elections and participation in security sector reform and DDR, and it also partakes in state-building, through its endeavours to support a return to the rule of law. Simultaneously, the mission continues with its traditional peace-keeping tasks.