The author no longer works with FRIDE

Juan José Linz ✝

Emeritus Professor, Yale University

Juan J. Linz, (24 December 1926 – 1 October 2013), Sterling Professor Emeritus of Political and Social Science.

He taught at the University of Madrid and Columbia University, among other institutions, before coming to Yale in 1968 as professor of sociology and political science. He was named the Pelatiah Perit Professor of Political and Social Science in 1977 and Sterling Professor in 1989. He retired in 1998, but remained active in the intellectual life of the sociology and political science departments.

His publications include “Crisis, Breakdown and Reequilibration”, an introductory volume to “The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes”; “Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes”; and “Problems of a Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe”, with Alfred Stepan. He was also co-editor and co-author, with Arturo Valenzuela, of “The Failure of Presidential Democracy”. His writings have been translated into Spanish, Italian, German, French, Japanse, Chinese, Korean, and Turkish.

Linz was former chair of the Committee on Political Sociology of the International Sociological Association and the International Political Science Association. He was a Guggenheim Fellow and a fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study and at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a fellow of the British Academy.

In 1987 he was awarded the Premio Principe de Asturias in the social sciences and in 1996 the Johan Skyte Prize in Political Sciences. He received the Skytte Prize for his "global investigation of the fragility of democracy in the face of authoritarian threat characterized by methodological versatility and historical and sociological breadth."

He received honorary degrees for his contributions to sociology and political science from the universities of Granada and Madrid in Spain, Marburg in Germany, Georgetown, and Oslo, which called Linz “one of the scholars who has most systematically studied the conditions for stability and restoration of democracies."


Spoken languages

English, Spanish


Written languages

English, Spanish

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Dear Friends and Colleagues,

FRIDE ceased its think tank activities on 31st December 2015 for economic reasons. The Board of Trustees had to take this difficult decision since, despite many efforts to diversify its funding sources, FRIDE cannot sustain its think tank operations with a view to 2016 and beyond.

Established in 1999, FRIDE has made a major contribution to shape debate on Europe’s external activities in an increasingly challenging international environment. It has covered issues ranging from democracy and human rights to sustainable development, new approaches to multilateral cooperation and security affairs. FRIDE’s long-standing focus on the extended neighbourhood of the European Union proves today all the more relevant given widespread turbulence in the region. FRIDE’s emphasis on the importance of the values framing Europe’s external activities is central to current political debates in Europe and beyond. This shows the need for continued engagement in the pursuit of a common European foreign policy that is both effective and informed by the core values of European integration.

The Board wishes to thank Diego Hidalgo, FRIDE’s founder, for his tireless commitment and very generous support for many years. The Board also wishes to thank FRIDE’s dedicated staff, the members of the Board and the Advisory Committee for their contribution in making FRIDE one of the top foreign policy think tanks in Europe. We are very grateful to all those who have supported FRIDE’s work and projects over the years and we thank the many partners from all parts of the world who have worked with FRIDE on joint initiatives. We hope that FRIDE’s extensive input to the debate on Europe in the world will continue to inform thinking and action at a very critical time for Europe’s future.

The President of the Board


FRIDE cesó sus actividades como think tank el 31 de diciembre de 2015 por razones económicas. El Patronato tuvo que adoptar esta difícil decisión dado que, a pesar de los intensos esfuerzos realizados para diversificar sus fuentes de financiación, FRIDE no puede sostener sus operaciones como think tank a partir de 2016.

Establecido en 1999, FRIDE ha realizado una gran contribución al debate sobre las actividades exteriores de Europa en un ambiente internacional cada vez más complejo. Ha trabajado en temas que van desde la democracia y los derechos humanos al desarrollo sostenible, los nuevos enfoques en la cooperación multilateral y las cuestiones de seguridad. La atención prestada por FRIDE a la vecindad extendida de la Unión Europea durante mucho tiempo prueba ser hoy aún más relevante debido a la turbulencia que azota a la región. El énfasis de FRIDE en la importancia de los valores que enmarcan las actividades exteriores europeas es central en los debates en Europa y más allá. Esto muestra la necesidad de un compromiso continuo con la búsqueda de una política exterior europea común que sea eficaz y esté basada en los principios fundamentales de la integración europea.

El Patronato desea agradecer a Diego Hidalgo, fundador de FRIDE, por su incansable compromiso y muy generoso apoyo a lo largo de tantos años. También quiere expresar su gratitud a la dedicada plantilla, a los propios miembros del Patronato y del Comité Asesor por sus contribuciones para hacer de FRIDE uno de los principales think tanks de Europa en cuestiones de política exterior. Estamos muy agradecidos con todos aquellos que han apoyado el trabajo y los proyectos de FRIDE a través de los años y también damos las gracias a los numerosos socios de todas partes del mundo que han colaborado con FRIDE en iniciativas conjuntas. Esperamos que las extensas aportaciones de FRIDE al debate sobre Europa en el mundo continuará informando el pensamiento y la acción en un momento muy crítico para el futuro de Europa.

El Presidente del Patronato

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